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What Is Liquidation? | Speed Commerce

What Is Liquidation?

3PL Glossary > Liquidation

What Is Liquidation?

Liquidation is the process of winding up and closing down a business, typically involving the sale of the company's assets to settle its debts and distribute any remaining proceeds to the shareholders or creditors. This can occur voluntarily when the company's owners decide to dissolve the business, or involuntarily through a court-ordered process, often initiated when a company is unable to meet its financial obligations. The primary objective of liquidation is to liquidate assets, convert them into cash, and use the proceeds to pay off the company's debts in a specific order of priority.

What are the key steps involved in the liquidation process of a company?

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The process of liquidation involves several steps. First, the company's assets are appraised and then sold. The proceeds from the asset sales are used to settle outstanding debts, starting with secured creditors and moving to unsecured creditors. Any remaining funds are distributed among the shareholders according to their ownership stakes. In the case of a voluntary liquidation, the shareholders typically play a more active role in deciding to wind up the business and appointing a liquidator to oversee the process. In involuntary liquidation, the court appoints a trustee or liquidator to handle the affairs of the company.

Liquidation marks the end of the business's existence, and it is often pursued when a company is insolvent or no longer economically viable. While it provides a way to orderly distribute the company's assets and settle its obligations, it may result in financial losses for shareholders, especially if the company's liabilities exceed its assets. Liquidation is a legal and financial process designed to provide a structured resolution for a failing or terminated business, allowing for an organized distribution of remaining assets and the closure of the company's affairs.


No, liquidation and bankruptcy are not the same. Liquidation is a process where a company's assets are sold to pay off its debts, and it can be a part of bankruptcy proceedings. Bankruptcy, on the other hand, is a legal status that a person or organization enters when they are unable to repay their debts.

Yes, individuals can go through a form of liquidation known as personal bankruptcy. In personal bankruptcy, an individual's assets may be sold to repay their creditors. This is different from business liquidation, which involves the sale of a company's assets to settle its debts.

Yes, there are different types of liquidation. The two main types are voluntary liquidation, initiated by the company's shareholders or directors, and involuntary liquidation, initiated by creditors or the court. Additionally, there is members' voluntary liquidation (MVL) for solvent companies and creditors' voluntary liquidation (CVL) for insolvent ones.

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