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What Is Freight? | Speed Commerce

What Is Freight?

3PL Glossary > Freight

What Is Freight?

Freight refers to goods or commodities that are transported from one location to another, typically in large quantities. The term is commonly used in the context of commercial transportation, logistics, and supply chain management. Freight can encompass a wide variety of products, including raw materials, finished goods, machinery, or any other tangible items that require transportation. The movement of freight is essential for the functioning of global trade and commerce, allowing businesses to source materials, deliver products to customers, and participate in economic exchanges on a broad scale.

What Are the Different Types of Freight?

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Freight transportation can occur by various modes, including road, rail, air, sea, and intermodal means. Different types of freight are often categorized based on their characteristics, such as weight, volume, perishability, or special handling requirements. The logistics of freight transport involve careful planning and coordination to ensure the timely and cost-effective movement of goods. Freight carriers, which can be shipping companies, trucking firms, or airlines, play a vital role in facilitating the transportation of goods, providing services that include loading, transportation, unloading, and sometimes storage.

Several factors influence the cost of transporting freight, including the distance traveled, mode of transportation, weight, size, and the urgency of delivery. Freight costs are typically borne by the shipper or the consignee, depending on the agreed-upon terms in the sales contract or shipping agreement. Efficient freight transportation is essential for businesses to maintain a smooth supply chain, meet customer demands, and participate effectively in the global marketplace.


No. Dry freight services are not suitable for perishable goods. Perishable items require temperature-controlled transportation, and for this, you should use refrigerated freight services (reefer) to maintain the necessary temperature conditions and prevent spoilage.

Mostly yes. While some carriers may provide packaging services, many expect shippers to properly package their goods before shipping. Proper packaging is essential to ensure the safety of the cargo during transportation and to meet carrier requirements.

Yes. Many freight carriers offer tracking services that allow you to monitor the location and status of your shipment in real-time. This visibility helps you stay informed about the progress of your freight and estimate delivery times more accurately.

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